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Water Hazards in the Trans-boundary Kosi River Basin
语种英语
Chen Ningsheng1; Hu Guisheng1; Deng Wei2; Khanal Narendra Raj3; Zhu Yunhua; Han David4
专著文集名LAND COVER CHANGE AND ITS ECO-ENVIRONMENTAL RESPONSES IN NEPAL
编著者Li A ; Deng W ; Zhao W
出处页码383-408
2017
出版者SPRINGER
出版地Singapore
关键词Kosi River GLOF Debris flow Drought Soil erosion Sedimentation
收录类别BKCI-S
英文摘要The Kosi River is an important tributary of the Ganges that passes through China, Nepal and India. With a basin area of 71,500 km(2), the Kosi River has the largest elevation drop in the world (from 8848 m of Mt Everest to 60 m of the Ganges plain) and covers a broad spectrum of climate, soil, vegetation and socioeconomic zones. The basin suffers from multiple water-related hazards including glacier lake outburst, debris flow, landslide, flood, drought, soil erosion and sedimentation. This paper describes the characteristics of water hazards in the basin based on the literature review and site investigation covering hydrology, meteorology, geology, geomorphology and socioeconomics. Glacier lake outbursts are a huge threat to the local population in the region, and they usually further trigger landslides and debris flows. Floods are usually a result of interaction between man-made hydraulic structures and the natural environment. Debris flows are widespread and occur in clusters. Droughts tend to last over long periods and affect vast areas. Rapid population increase, decline of ecosystems and climate changes could further exacerbate various hazards in the region. The paper has proposed a set of mitigating strategies and measures. It is a huge challenge to implement them in practice. More investigations are needed to fill in the knowledge gaps.
ISBN号978-981-10-2890-8; 978-981-10-2889-2
ISSN号2194-315X
DOI标识10.1007/978-981-10-2890-8_17
WOS记录号WOS:000432241500018
引用统计
文献类型专著章节文集论文
条目标识符/handle/131551/33450
专题山地灾害与地表过程重点实验室
山区发展研究中心
通讯作者Chen Ningsheng
作者单位1.Key Laboratory of Mountain Hazards and Earth Surface Processes, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu, China;
2.Research Center for Mountain Development, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu, China;
3.Central Department of Geography, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Nepal;
4.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China;
5.Department of Civil EngineeringUniversity of Bristol, Bristol, UK
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Chen Ningsheng,Hu Guisheng,Deng Wei,et al. Water Hazards in the Trans-boundary Kosi River Basin. LAND COVER CHANGE AND ITS ECO-ENVIRONMENTAL RESPONSES IN NEPAL. Singapore:SPRINGER,2017:383-408.
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