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Agricultural Land Use Intensity and Determinants in Different Agroecological Regions in Central Nepal Himalaya
语种英语
Khatiwada Shanta Paudel1,2; Zhang Jifei1; Su Yi1; Paudel Bikash3; Deng Wei1
专著文集名LAND COVER CHANGE AND ITS ECO-ENVIRONMENTAL RESPONSES IN NEPAL
编著者Li A ; Deng W ; Zhao W
出处页码281-305
2017
出版者SPRINGER
出版地Singapore
关键词Agricultural land use intensity Cropping frequency Agroecology Analysis of covariance Central Nepal
收录类别BKCI-S
英文摘要Intensification of agricultural land use is the only viable option to achieve food security in countries possessing very limited arable lands such as Nepal. Since sustainable intensification has been policy targets in recent years, understanding agricultural land use intensity and its determinants would provide important support to policy formation toward sustainable agricultural development. However, the status and determinants of agricultural land use intensity in Nepal have been seldom investigated. Based on questionnaire surveys of 453 households, 12 key informant surveys and three focus group discussions, this study assesses cropping frequency, as an indicator of agricultural land use intensity (ALUI), in three agroecological regions in central Nepal. The results show that average cropping frequency in Khet land is 2.9, 2.6 and 1.6 in low-land Terai, mid-hill and high-hill area, respectively, while in Bari land is 2.4, 2.3 and 2.1, respectively. In addition, Terai region has significantly higher ALUI in both Khet and Bari lands than mid-and high-hill areas. Among a total of 18 investigated impacting factors, age and education of household heads, land quality and use of improved seed positively influence ALUI in Khet land, while distances from home to land and vehicle passable roads have negative effects. For the Bari lands, land quality, irrigation facility, tractor availability and improved seeds are positively associated with ALUI, but education of household heads, distances from home to land, home to market center and home to vehicle passable road are negatively influencing factors. This study provides an empirical evidence that agricultural modernization and access to infrastructural facilities are the major pathways to promote agriculture intensification in mid and high hills. Intensification of agricultural land use might be a preferable option to reduce poverty and food shortage in Nepal; however, there is a need of effective land management and agricultural policy, along with incentive programs to attract young generations engage in agriculture. More than that, education, training and awareness programs about the importance of maintaining soil fertility under intensified farming are greatly needed in order to achieve a sustainable agricultural in Nepal.
ISBN号978-981-10-2890-8; 978-981-10-2889-2
ISSN号2194-315X
DOI标识10.1007/978-981-10-2890-8_13
WOS记录号WOS:000432241500014
引用统计
被引频次:2[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型专著章节文集论文
条目标识符/handle/131551/33448
专题山区发展研究中心
通讯作者Deng Wei
作者单位1.Research Center for Mountain Development, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu, China;
2.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China;
3.Local Initiatives for Biodiversity, Research and Development (LI-BIRD), Pokhara, Nepal
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GB/T 7714
Khatiwada Shanta Paudel,Zhang Jifei,Su Yi,et al. Agricultural Land Use Intensity and Determinants in Different Agroecological Regions in Central Nepal Himalaya. LAND COVER CHANGE AND ITS ECO-ENVIRONMENTAL RESPONSES IN NEPAL. Singapore:SPRINGER,2017:281-305.
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